MNT May 17, 2012
The first component of any extended camp with the National Team is a fitness evaluation. Typically they consist of two elements: a medical (or physical, as we commonly call it), and testing.
The testing portion is broken up into three areas, and is designed to measure speed, strength and flexibility, and aerobic capacity. By establish a baseline measurement for every player, coaches can tailor specific exercises to build improvement in each area and also have a means of tracking progress. For example, after being tested for their aerobic capacity, players will wear Polar heart rate monitors during training and the strength and conditioning coaches can literally monitor each player's workrate and determine if they need to be pushed harder or reduce the workload in any given exercise.
It's pretty cool stuff, and an extremely valuable tool.