Youngsters begin arriving for practice at Lusitano Stadium in late afternoon. It’s spring and the weather’s starting to warm – the days are getting longer. Later, the lights go on and the Western Mass Pioneers take the field to get ready for their 2018 Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup opener against the Elm City Express on May 9.
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A statue of Mozambique-born Eusebio da Silva Ferreira – the famed Black Pearl of Portuguese soccer who was known the world over as, simply, Eusebio – greets visitors at the stadium’s front gate. On the right is a barn-like concession area, also housing the Gremio Lusitano Wall of Fame with trophies reaching to the ceiling. Many check in with Western Mass general manager Greg Kolodziey, who played for the Lusitanos before the team became the Pioneers in 1998.
Soccer players have been coming here since 1922, when members of Gremio Lusitano, a culture and recreation club, lined out a dirt field on Winsor Street, across from the clubhouse. The club team competed against the Thistles, a local Scottish squad, and opposition from other New England mill towns. Soon, Gremio Lusitano FC was developing players for the U.S. National Team, advancing deep in both the U.S. Amateur Cup and National Challenge Cup, as the U.S. Open Cup used to be known (they are four-time quarterfinalists), and contending in the revamped American Soccer League.
(Western Mass Pioneers v. Boston City at Lusitano Stadium in last year's U.S. Open Cup)
In the 1940s and ‘50s, the stadium – then named Franklin Field, probably after nearby Franklin Street – attracted capacity crowds for matches, including several against top European teams like Everton FC. A crowd of 4,500 watched on when Lusitano played to a 3-3 draw with Jönköping FC of Sweden in 1951. At the time, Ludlow’s population was listed at just more than 8,000.
Through Thick & Thin in the Pioneer Valley
By the ‘60s, the jute mills had closed and soccer’s popularity faded nationally. But Lusitano kept hold of its traditions. For a while, the field was retrofit for baseball, though soccer remained the club’s primary activity.
Ludlow has long been isolated, both culturally and geographically. The country’s soccer booms and busts have had little effect here. “Parents and grandparents grew up in that soccer world, so as you raise your kids, it’s toward soccer,” said Kolodziey, who also coaches the local high school team. “We have a lot of hard-working coaches, kids start at a young age.”
Gremio Lusitano FC favored a style of play familiar to Portuguese people everywhere, heavy on skill and tactics. And the immigrants’ sporting prowess translated to interscholastic play, Ludlow High School winning 17 State soccer titles.
(A statue of Portuguese legend Eusebio dominates the entrance to Lusitano Stadium in Ludlow)
“It was in the culture, the way we played and it goes back to our heritage,” club historian Joao Bernardo said. “Nundy Batista and those guys were some of the best athletes around. They played basketball, football – the two years they played football were the only two years Ludlow [High School] won in football. But the soccer team lost, so they said ‘you guys are not playing football no more’ – that’s not our game. And they brought the guys back. At the high school level, you see these great players dribbling the ball, passing the ball around. That’s why there’s all these championships.”
Lusitano Stadium is a center of activity in an area that feels like a slice of Portugal. From the early 1900s, several mill towns developed similar setups, the most successful in Fall River, Mass., symbolized by the 15,000-capacity Mark’s Stadium. The Portuguese clubs remain active but many playing fields have been abandoned.
After the American Soccer League (ASL) folded its New England division in the 1950s, Gremio Lusitano’s team played in local leagues likes the Massachusetts & New Hampshire State Soccer Association, Connecticut Soccer League and the Luso-American Soccer Association. The club played host to friendlies with Sporting CP and other Portuguese clubs such as GD Chaves, SC Olhanense and CD Santa Clara, the visitors attracted by Lusitano Stadium, which the club calls the only soccer-specific stadium in New England.
Little Piece of Portugal in Ludlow
The local soccer community is tight-knit. As parents and youngsters arrive, they ask about the Pioneers’ upcoming Open Cup match. A paint truck drives up and one of the workers starts juggling a ball on the way out – he played for the Lusitano team in the ‘70s. Tony Salvador, who played for the club as a teenager, tells of revamping the stadium with the help of volunteers and donated equipment from local contractors. He’s there to watch his 15-year-old grandson, who's training with the Pioneers. David Socha, who became the first U.S. referee to work two FIFA World Cups (1982 and ‘86), calls to postpone a visit because his granddaughter, Molly, got injured playing for the University of Hartford.
The clubhouse stays open late, and Pioneer coaches and players hang around the bar after practice. “If they like the club, they like what we do, I think they are going to give us 110 percent, not 100 percent,” Pioneers coach Federico Molinari said. “We have players I recruited when I started coaching in 2011. All of those players are still playing because they like the club and they start feeling things for the club. And when you start feeling things for the club you care a lot more inside the field and this is what I want. Their commitment is unbelievable and they do it for free.”
(Today's Pioneers prepare for their first game of the season - a USOC date with Elm City Express)
Portuguese players long formed the core of the Lusitano team. “All the teams we had, there were only seven or eight, or less, Portuguese players on the team,” Bernardo said. “We had Germans, Italians, great players from all [ethnicities]. Charlie McCully [who earned 11 caps for the U.S. National Team] played here. They didn’t care about your color, whatever you were.”
Among the players recognized by the Lusitano Alumni & Fans committee, in their initial program in 1987, were William “Gil” Bello, a member of the U.S. team that competed in the 1949 North American Football Championships (World Cup qualifiers) and Robert McIntyre, who started for a U.S. All-Star team that played to a 1-1 draw with Scotland’s national team at the Polo Grounds in New York City in 1939. Lusitano goalkeeper Tony Almeida and teammate Joseph Costa were named alternates on the 1948 U.S. Olympic team.
Lusitano competed in the shadow of another Portuguese club, Ponta Delgada, out of Fall River, Mass., that won the 1950 U.S. Open Cup and captured five U.S. Amateur Cup titles from 1946-53. Lusitano proved worthy opponents, reaching four U.S. Open Cup quarterfinals from 1949-56. In 1949, Lusitano defeated Ponta Delgada for the New England title, then lost to New York SC in the Open Cup quarterfinals. In 1953, Lusitano appeared on the verge of advancing to the quarterfinals, but Joe Feicha’s 83rd-minute penalty hit the post, and Swiss FC of New York took a 4-1 extra time win on two goals by Argentine-born Efrain “Chico” Chacurian.
During the 1970s, former Benfica superstar Eusebio arrived in Ludlow along with Humberto Coehlo and Antonio Simoes, all playing in the old North American Soccer League (NASL), for a friendly match against the Connecticut Bicentennials. Eusebio returned to Ludlow for a tribute in the early ‘90s. In 2016, two years after Eusebio’s death, Gillette Stadium had removed a statue of him – another copy stands in front of Estadio da Luz in Lisbon – and Gremio Lusitano came to the rescue.
From Pioneers to Pioneers
In 1998, the club took a major step toward “Americanization” by joining the USISL. A local newspaper readers’ poll named the team the Western Mass Pioneers. In 1999, the Pioneers defeated the South Jersey Barons, 2-1, in the USISL D3 Pro final before a crowd of about 6,000 at Lusitano Stadium. (Ludlow’s population was listed at 21, 209 in 2000).
“You know what, it was the best thing we did,” Bernardo said of the name change. “Because this united the community more than anything else. People don’t realize that this game united this community a lot. Since then, there’s not as much people not liking each other, or whatever. People wouldn’t come to watch the soccer game when we were the Lusitanos. It was just Portuguese people watching the game. But now it’s totally different.”
(Pioneers training sessions go late in to the night in Ludlow, MA)
From 2003-05 the New England Revolution made the stadium a base for their U.S. Open Cup games. The Revolution took a 2-1 win over the Rochester Rhinos on goals by Steve Ralston and Taylor Twellman before an estimated 4,000 fans in the 2003 U.S. Open Cup. The next year, the Rhinos eliminated the Revolution on penalty kicks there. In 2005, the Pioneers advanced to the third round of the U.S. Open Cup, falling to the Chicago Fire by a 3-1 score before a crowd of 4,000 at Lusitano Stadium. But the Pioneers gave the Fire a game with former Boston College star Neil Krause opening the scoring in the fifth minute. The Fire returned to take a 3-2 extra time win over the Revolution before a full house on August 3, 2005. The suspenseful match included late red cards issued to the Fire’s Jesse Marsch and the Revolution’s Jay Heaps, who grew up in nearby Longmeadow, Mass.
Soccer generates profits, partly because of a concession area that includes alcohol sales and features the “tasty” bifana sandwich, a Portuguese specialty. But travel has proven costly, and the Pioneers chose to go amateur after losing on penalty kicks to the Charlotte Eagles in the USISL D3 Pro final in 2005.
Lusitano Stadium underwent a makeover in 2013, a synthetic surface installed to accommodate an expanded youth program. Several grass fields are also maintained, located next to the stadium, behind Our Lady of Fatima church. “If you come to Lusitano Stadium now it is very similar to when you came 25 years ago to a Gremio Lusitano game, with the setup and fan base,” Kolodziey said. “We’re trying to reach out to all fans now.
“What makes this special is definitely the history, most definitely the history,” Kolodziey added. “The players that played here, the fan base has been dedicated for a lot of years. When opposing teams come in here the atmosphere is pretty electric, the atmosphere is tight-knit. Teams like to play here on a Friday night, a couple thousand people – it’s a pretty neat thing for a small town.”
Capturing a Wider Audience
The Western Mass nickname, inspired by the area’s Pioneer Valley, is a nod to assimilation, but Portuguese influences remain strong here. Walls are adorned with a mosaic of the Trás-Os-Montes region of Northern Portugal and framed likenesses of Portuguese Ballon D’Or/World Players of the Year – Luis Figo and Cristiano Ronaldo. (The Figo picture has since been purchased by a fan).
The Boston Globe archives include dozens of Lusitano game stories, dating back to 1922. In 1940, after a game against Pawtucket, the club was ordered to pay a $75 fine, plus a $100 “soccer peace bond” for what was described as a “riot” and “fracas,” leading to a one-year suspension for Pawtucket’s Harry Burness. “The fans love their soccer,” said Fred Pereira, the Town of Ludlow Tax Collector. “Fans are very close to the field so it’s very easy to get excited. We do have some fans who are passionate. It’s all part of the tradition – keep it under control but have some passion.”
(The Lusitanos & the Pioneers are linked in a 100-year thread of soccer passion)
Pereira, who set a Ludlow High School record with 50 goals in a season, might have been the first to follow a path from this club to the Ivy League to pro soccer (the latest would be New York City midfielder Thomas McNamara). “I was born in Portugal and came here when I was 12,” said Pereira, 64, who played at Brown University, then in the NASL and for the U.S. national team. “Fortunately, it was a very good soccer town and that made it easier for me to make friends. Ludlow is a good town to come to if you’re a soccer player.”
Half a century later, Pioneers midfielder Maximiliano Viera found similar acceptance after arriving from Uruguay via the University of Rio Grande in Ohio. “My experience in the U.S.,” Viera said, “I didn’t find the same passion, the same attitude to the games, as I found here for the Pioneers. That’s why I really liked it here, because it really made me feel at home – the passion the people have here, the attitude for the games. The town, they do everything for the club, they’re really passionate about it. That’s why I keep playing for the Pioneers. It helps to motivate us for the games and I think it helps the rivals because they’re not used to the scenario, playing [before] all these people in the stadium, so they’re more motivated when they play us. That makes every game harder for us.”
There’s a tradition that connects people in Ludlow to their roots overseas and the game they love. It lives in Lusitano Stadium and the boys who line up there – call them the Lusitanos or the Pioneers, it doesn’t matter, it’s all the same in Ludlow, Mass.